Spider veins (also called telangectasias) are small superficial blood vessels. Spider veins, which get their name because of their similarity in appearance to that of a spider (their look is similar to tree branch or spider web with their short jagged lines), are most commonly appear on the surface of the thighs, calves and ankles. These small veins are usually red, blue or purple in color. Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller and closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins. Spider veins tend to be multiple and grow larger over time. The occurrence of spider veins can range from few to many, and differs from person to person.
Spider veins are most comonly found in women. Some research said that at least 1/3 of the adult female population have problems with spider veins.
Symptoms of spider veins
Spider veins can cause the same symptoms as much larger varicose veins including itching, burning, heaviness, and fatigue in the legs. Many vein clinics offer the various kind of spider vein treatment such as sclerotherapy, vein stripping, and spider vein laser treatment.
Spider vein removal
Spider vein treatment usually involves the removal of the vein by damaging it and allowing the body to absorb it. Laser vein removal takes just a few minutes to treat each discolored vein.
What is Sclerotherapy?
What is Vein stripping?
What is Laser vein treatment?
Causes of spider veins
- hormonal factors
- prolonged sitting or standing
Spider veins are caused by similar factors that cause varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency. These factors include:The cause of spider veins is a faulty valve in a small vein under the skin. As we see a number of different factors cause development of spider veins, including pregnancy, heredity and other events that cause hormonal shifts (such as those during pregnancy or menopause). During pregnancy fluctuations in the female sex hormone (especially estrogen and progesterone), cause softening of the vein walls and valves. This makes women’s veins more prone to stretching and enlargement with increased pressure. Sunburns to your legs are known to be followed by the development of spider veins. Weight gains, occupations or activities that require prolonged standing or sitting, and the use of some medications also contribute to spider veins. Prolonged periods of sitting with legs crossed at the knee are one of the most common causes of spider veins in the legs. Pressure on the veins can cause the walls of veins to weaken and create spider veins.
It is recommended to change positions regularly to keep blood circulating and sit with legs crossed at the ankles rather than the knee.
Spider vein treatment is relatively simple procedure through the use of sclerosants for the larger veins and laser treatment of the smaller vessels. If you would like to minimize the number of treatments, than wearing of Compressive garments is necessary.