In most cases varicose veins can cause complications associated with the following condition:
- Bleeding varicose veins. Varicose veins bleed more than healthy veins because of abnormally high pressure within the damaged veins. Bleeding varicose veins can be stemmed by raising the foot above the level of the heart and applying compression. Then seek medical help.
- Phlebitis. Phlebitis which affects varicose veins is superficial thrombophlebitis (an inflammation of a vein just below the surface of the skin, which results from a small blood clot). Veins close to the surface of the skin can become painful and reddened due to inflammation or blockage of the vein. This condition is different to the more dangerous blockage of the deeper veins, known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
- Leg ulcers are one of the most troublesome complications of varicose veins. Leg ulcers tend to occur most often in the elderly or because of the arterial diseases, such as atherosclerosis, ulcers can be the result of unhealed leg injury or they can be a complication of diabetes.